Fire protection engineers design systems, products, and procedures that prevent fire damage. Their job is to research causes of fires and decide on the best fire protection methods. They help organizations defend a property against fire hazards. On a daily basis, these engineers use their knowledge save lives before fires occur. Many different industries hire fire protection engineers, who often work full time at refineries, industrial plants, fire departments, architectural firms, or any sector where dangerous chemicals or processes are used. Insurance companies also hire fire protection engineers to investigate properties, give advice, and provide hazard risk information. Working conditions for fire protection engineers vary. Some work primarily in offices while others travel to perform inspections and provide on-site consultations.
Fire Protection Engineer Duties and Responsibilities
While a fire protection engineer’s day-to-day duties and responsibilities are determined by where they work, there are many core tasks associated with the role. Based on our analysis of job listings, these include:
Consult with Designers on Fire Safety Issues
Fire protection engineers provide expert technical support to other engineers, architects, and contractors to strengthen fire protection within blueprints. They create plans for fire detection tools, such as extinguishers, alarm systems, sprinklers, fire pumps, and more. Their work also helps designers evaluate a building’s lifetime safety. The construction plans that fire protection engineers put in place guarantee needed protection measures are present.
Direct Fire Safety Installation Activities
Managing the installation of fire safety devices is another important role of fire protection engineers. They direct the maintenance and repair of fire prevention equipment and coordinate key safety activities within departments.
Perform Fire Prevention Investigations
Fire protection engineers carefully investigate deficiencies in buildings and construction sites that could cause fires in the future. They are also responsible for determining the causes of recent fires to uncover how they could have been prevented. Fire protection engineers work with fire departments to prevent blazes by drafting sprinkler design specifications, making hydraulic calculations, and selecting fire pumps.
Conduct Fire Prevention Trainings
Conducting fire prevention workshops and training sessions is another responsibility of fire protection engineers. They educate managers, designers, construction workers, and company employees. During fire prevention classes, they share fire safety rules and regulations and suggest policy changes.
Write Documentation Reports
Preparing and writing reports that outline specific fire prevention topics and procedures is another responsibility of fire protection engineers. They review work performed and provide written updates to key stakeholders.
Fire Protection Engineer Skills and Qualifications
Fire protection engineers have strong analytical and problem-solving skills. Employers typically seek candidates with at least three years of fire safety experience and a bachelor’s or master’s degree in engineering. The following skills are essential for getting the job done:
- Fire hazard analysis – monitoring and examining potential fire hazards in buildings, water supplies, and construction sites is a key responsibility for fire protection engineers
- Research skills – researching and testing fire retardants, ignition sources, and methods of extinguishing flames is another important responsibility
- Fire safety equipment design – fire protection engineers help design alarm systems, fire prevention systems, and other detection devices
- Building inspection – it is the responsibility of fire protection engineers to examine buildings for flaws that could cause fires
- Technical writing – fire protection engineers document written procedures for other fire safety contractors to follow
- Administrative skills – these engineers examine fire protection policies and fire codes and must to keep track of new or revised policies
- Communication skills – fire protection engineers must communicate technical information and give important safety training to a variety of different people
Fire Protection Engineer Education and Training
It is common for fire protection engineers to have a bachelor’s or master’s degree in fire safety engineering, fire protection technology, or a related engineering field. Candidates with educational backgrounds in different engineering areas can usually take additional courses in fire protection or get on-the-job training. Employers typically seek candidates with at least three years of fire protection experience. A professional engineering (PE) license makes candidates especially attractive. Engineers who gain significant career experience may become eligible for certification by the Society of Fire Protection Engineers. This certification is an official mark of recognition within the field.